Can farmers farm for prosperity?
April 28, 2021
COVID-19 assistance helps villagers find a footing
May 3, 2021
Adivasi Culture

Gond youth keep their cultural traditions alive

Songs to mark celebrations and appeal to gods, accompanied by rhythmic drum beats and dancing, are part of Adivasi culture. Cultural melas help the youth continue their tradition

Singing Rela songs and dancing to the beat of small hand-held mandri drums is part of Gond community’s culture (Photo by Purusottam Thakur)

They moved with rhythm and agility – “Re Rela re Rela re Rela re” –  a group of young women in knee-length white sarees and bright headgear, moving three at a time, arms entwined, singing Rela songs that are popular among Gond communities.

Soon, a group of young men, also dressed in white, wearing white turbans decorated with colorful feathers, joined in. Their ankle bells rang in perfect rhythm with the complex footwork, while they played a small drum called mandri, held in their hands, and sang Rela songs.

Weaving their arms, the young women formed a chain encircling the group of men. All of them kept singing and dancing. The troupe of 43 men and women from the Gond Adivasi community, ages ranging from 16 to 30, had come from Bedmamari village in Keshkal block of Chhattisgarh’s Kondagaon district.

The youth like the festivities as the songs and dances reflect their culture and help them continue the tradition (Photo by Purusottam Thakur)

They had travelled more than 300 kilometers in a van to reach this venue close to the Raipur-Jagdalpur highway (in the Bastar region), about 100 kilometers from Raipur, the state’s capital city. Other dancers from Adivasi communities of central India and particularly from Chhattisgarh were here too for the three-day Veer Mela.

The mela is celebrated from December 10 to 12 since 2015 to commemorate the sacrifice of Veer Narayan Singh, a tribal king of Sonakhan in Chhattisgarh’s Balodabazar-Bhatapara district. The king, who revolted against British rule, was captured and hanged in Jaistambh Chowk in Raipur district by the colonial rulers in December 1857.

The place where the festival is held – Rajarao Pathar – is considered a devasthan (a sacred place of worship) devoted to an ancestral god of Gond Adivasis. The three-day event is replete with songs and dances.

“Rela – also known as Rilo or Relo – brings the community together,” says Premlal Kunjam, president of the Sarva Adivasi Zilla Prakoshth (All Tribal District Cell). “Like flowers in a garland, people dance, hand in hand with one another. There is a feeling of power and energy.”

The rhythm and lyrics of Rela songs, he explains, represent Gondwana culture (the traditions of the Gond community). “Through these songs we spread the message about our Gondi culture to our new generation,” says Kunjam.

“Rela is the song form of god,” says Daulat Mandavi of Balodgahan village of Balod district. “According to our Adivasi tradition, this song is sung to draw the attention of the deities. If you are in pain or have any other problem in your body, it will disappear if you were to dance to Rela. These songs are also performed during weddings and on other occasions in Adivasi communities.”

At the Veer Mela in December, one of the youngest participants, Sukhiarian Kawde, a student of Class 8, said, “I love Rela.  It is a part of our culture.” She was excited to be with the troupe because it gave her an opportunity to visit different places to perform.

The group from Bedmamari village began with Rela songs and went on to perform the Hulki Mandri and Kolang dances.

The Pus Kolang, celebrated during the winter season, is also marked by songs and dances (Photo by Purusottam Thakur)

“The Mandri is traditionally performed during Hareli,” says Dilip Kureti, an Adivasi college student. Hareli is a festival that starts when the seeds have germinated and the fields are green with tall seedlings during the kharif season and goes on till around Diwali. During this period, men with large drums called mandar, and women with hand cymbals, dance together.

The Pus Kolang is celebrated during the winter season, beginning from the end of December and going on till mid-January, which corresponds to the Pus or Poush month in the lunar calendar. Young men from the Gond community travel to neighboring villages performing Kolang dances to the rhythms of Rela songs – it’s an energetic, athletic dance performed with sticks specially made using wood from the dhawai (Woodfordia fruticosa) tree.

“At the time of Pus Kolang we go with our rations to other villages where we prepare food for ourselves during lunch and the host village provides us dinner,” says Somaru Korram, a senior leader of the troupe from Bedmamari.

The festival and dances come to a close when the travelling troupes return to their own villages just before the full moon of the month of Poush lights up the night sky.

Purusottam Thakur is a journalist and documentary filmmaker. Views are personal. This story was first published in Rural India Online

Comments are closed.